A Certificate of Origin (CO) is an important international trade document that certifies that goods in a particular export shipment are wholly obtained, produced, manufactured or processed in a particular country. They declare the ‘nationality’ of the product and also serve as a declaration by the exporter to satisfy customs or trade requirements. These certificates are essential for exporters to prove where their goods come from and therefore stake their claim to whatever benefits goods of Indian origin may be eligible for in the country of exports.
COs are requested by customs, banks, private stakeholders and importers for several purposes. Almost every country in the world requires CO for customs clearance procedures: when determining the duty that will be assessed on the goods or, in some cases, whether the goods may be legally imported at all.
These Preferential arrangements/agreements prescribe Rules of Origin which have to be met for exports to be eligible for tariff preference.
Authorised agencies o¬n charging a fee as prescribed by them provides services relating to issue of Certificate of Origin, including details regarding rules of origin, list of items covered by an agreement, extent of tariff preference, verification and certification n of eligibility.
Export Inspection Council (EIC) is agency authorized to print blank certificates.
It is a non-contractual instrument by which industrialized (developed) countries unilaterally and based o¬n non-reciprocity extend tariff concessions to developing countries. Presently following countries extend tariff preferences under their GSP Scheme
Normally Customs of GSP offering countries require information in Form ‘A’ (prescribed for GSP Rules of Origin) duly filled by exporters of beneficiary countries and certified by the authorized agencies.
Under GSTP, tariff concessions are exchanged among developing countries who have signed agreement. Presently 46 countries are members of GSTP and India has exchanged tariff concessions with 12countries o¬n a limited number of products. Export Inspection Council (EIC)is sole agency authorized to issue Certificate of Origin under GSTP.
SAARC members namely India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Maldives offering tariff concessions among SAARC countries.
APTA offers liberalization of tariff and non-tariff barriers in order to expand trade in goods in Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific (ESCAP) region. Presently Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, South Korea, India and China are exchanging tariff concessions under APTA.
This Free Trade Agreement is between India and Sri Lanka which offers tariff concession by the Governments of both countries. Export Inspection Council is sole agency to issue Certificate of Origin under this agreement.
This preferential trade agreement is between Governments of India and Afghanistan. Export Inspection Council is the sole agency to issue Certificate of Origin under this Agreement.
India and Thailand have signed protocol to implement Early Harvest Scheme under India-Thailand Free Trade Agreement offering tariff preferences for imports o¬n items of Early Harvest Scheme o¬nly to those products which satisfy Rules of Origin criteria notified by the Department of Revenue, Ministry of Finance vide notification no 101/2004-Customs dated 31.08.2004.Export Inspection Council is the sole agency to issue Certificate of Origin under this protocol.
This Comprehensive Economic Cooperation agreement is between Government of India and Malaysia. Export Inspection Council is the sole agency to issue Certificate of Origin under this Agreement, with effect from 1st July 2011.
The Government of India and the Republic of Korea have signed the Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) to liberalize and facilitate trade in goods and services and expand investment between the Countries. Export Inspection Council is the sole agency to issue Certificate of Origin under this Agreement.
The Government of India and the Government of Japan have signed the Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) to increase investment opportunities and strengthen protection for investments and investment activities between the Countries. Export Inspection Council is the sole agency to issue Certificate of Origin under this Agreement.
Following the implementation of NAFTA, the Government of Mexico introduced the obligatory certificate of origin rule in terms of which, the Certificate of Origin of Indian products to be exported to Mexico must be attested by designated officials of the authorised EPCs/Trade bodies/Chambers of Commerce or the authorities so empowered (FIEO is o¬ne of the authorised agency to sign the Certificate of Origin).